Education corruption is present at all levels in the developing world: teacher, administrator, rector, and ministry. In some cases, students’ grades are based on the value of the gift brought to the teacher. This practice is based on tradition where a gift is a sign of honor, but when the teacher abuses his authority for material gain, anything but honor is the result. In other cases, a school principal will hire their unqualified relative to fill a teaching position, but not hold the relative accountable or even expect attendance. Meaningless grades and ghost teachers affect education outcome. Education outcome, in turn, affects human resource potential of the country. As a nation rewards talent and chooses leaders based on merit, rather than descriptive traits such as gender, race, or class, their GDP can raise five percent. The opposite of this is also true, if a nation changes to descriptive trait based leadership, they can lose 5 percent in GDP. Corruption, especially amongst educators who are moral role models, uproots social cohesion. Corruption in schools is the worst place for corruption because it is public money and an institution of morality. Without integrity in the schools, a society has nothing.
According to Transparency International’s 2011 Corruption Perception Index, “No region or country in the world is immune to the damages of corruption, the vast majority of the 183 countries and territories assessed score below five on a scale of 0 (highly corrupt) to 10 (very clean.)”
Corruption can be prevented by implementing a clear policy, such as codes of conduct; increasing incentives to a respectable wage for educators; and making sanctions against corruption public. The last has been carried out to the extreme of firing all teachers and beginning the hiring process from scratch. Integrious employees found a position without problem, but less than honorable individuals were not hired back. All three of these solutions are complex and rely on moral leadership and community accountability. International NGO’s like Transparency International can help watchdog against corruption.
Print Source: Heyneman, S. P. (2006). Education and social cohesion: Three universities In Georgia,Kazakstan, and Kyrgyzstan.